The State Memorial and Natural Preserve "Museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy "Yasnaya Polyana"
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Online Project: Yasnaya Polyana. Occupation


To commemorate the 76th anniversary of the liberation of Yasnaya Polyana from Nazi occupation, we have prepared a new special online project. It tells about how Yasnaya Polyana survived the 47 days of the occupation in 1941.

The project has the format of unmasking myths, which is well-known to those who follow the life of our museum. We published our first Myths by September 9, Leo Tolstoy‘s birthday.

At first, the Myths were planned in such a way as to oppose widespread misunderstandings about Tolstoy’s life and personality with documentary evidence. However, as we understood while working on the first part of the project, it’s not only Leo Tolstoy’s time that is of interest to our visitors. The fate of the Yasnaya Polyana estate in the 20th century also provokes numerous questions from our museum’s guests. Some of them are related to World War II, in particular to how the museum managed to survive and save its collection during the military conflict.  

Yasnaya Polyana was occupied from October 29 to December 14, 1941. That period of time for the estate was marked by unprecedented devastation and losses. But not everything people currently say about those days is true. In our new project, Yasnaya Polyana. Occupation (link to the Russian language web page), we mention the main misconceptions about the occupation of Yasnaya Polyana and the documentary evidence to the contrary. 

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